Part of Plant Used

Wood, Bark, Leaves and Flowers


Shaped wood, Made into fibers, Bark-dried, leaves and flowers-dried


Eastern Europe

Tilia is a genus of about 30 species of trees native throughout most of the temperate Northern Hemisphere. Commonly called lime trees in the British Isles, they are not closely related to the lime fruit. Other names include linden and basswood. The genus occurs in Europe and eastern North America, but the greatest species diversity is found in Asia. Under the Cronquist classification system, this genus was placed in the family Tiliaceae, but genetic research by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group has resulted in the incorporation of this genus into the Malvaceae.

​Tilia species are mostly large, deciduous trees, reaching typically 20 to 40 meters (66 to 130 ft) tall, with oblique-cordate leaves 6 to 20 centimetres (2 to 8 in) across. As with elms, the exact number of species is uncertain, as many if not most of the species will hybrid readily, both in the wild and in cultivation. Limes are hermaphroditic, having perfect flowers with both male and female parts, pollinated by insects. 

Tilia cordata (Small-leaved Lime, occasionally Small-leaved Linden or Little-leaf
Linden) is a species of Tilia native to much of Europe from England, through central

​Scandinavia, to central Russia, and south to central Spain, Italy, Greece, Bulgaria,
Romania, Turkey, the Caucasus, and western Asia. In the south of its range it is
restricted to high altitudes.Linden Flower Tea Mature fruits Tiliae flos: Flowers (and
impurities consisting of other parts) of the Small-leaved Lime as commonly used in
linden flower teaIn the countries of Central and Western Europe, linden flowers are
a traditional herbal remedy made into an herbal tea called 'Tilleul' (linden flower tea),
considered to be of value as an anti-inflammatory in a range of respiratory problems:
colds, fever, flu, sore throat, bronchitis, and cough.

The tea is also good for aiding indigestion, calming hysteria fits, vomiting, and palpitations. 

A mono/floral honey is produced by bees using the trees and is considered highly valuable. The young leaves can be eaten as a salad

vegetable. Often cattle graze upon them. 

Linden Wood
The white, finely-grained wood is not a structurally strong material but a classic choice for refined woodcarvings such as those by Grinling Gibbons for medieval altars. Linden wood was the prime choice for the carvings in St. Paul's Cathedral, Windsor Castle, and Chatsworth. It is also commonly used for lightweight projects such as carved spoons, light furniture, bee hives and honeycomb frames. 

Tilia Flowers to the guests of a wedding signifies luck for the happy couple!

Tilia - Eastern Europe

​​Tilia cordata