Whole fresh or dried or powdered, essential oil
Flavonoids, Triterpenoid bitters, Tannins, Meliacins
Seeds, tap, Twigs, Bark, Leaves
Neem is a species of evergreen tree in the mahogany family that is native to India, Pakistan and Africa. Also known as Indian Lilac, Nimtree and Village Pharmacy,Heal All and similar names, neem has a long history of use in many different applications.
The powdered leaf is used globally for organic pest control and to produce chemical-free fertilizer. Neem leaf powderis also widely used in a variety of natural cosmetics, including soaps, skin lotions and hair products.
Background: Unlike many herbs, every part of Neem can be used.
In fact, in India it's used by almost everyone - and has been since ancient times.
Description: Neem is an evergreen tree that is native to India and Sri Lanka. It also grows
in tropical areas such as Australia and Indonesia. The tree has white flowers and green
Safety: Infants, the elderly, or very ill people should not use neem. Consult your health
care provider before beginning use of any herb.
Azadirachta indica, also known as Neem, Nimtree, and Indian Lilac is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, and is native to India and the Indian subcontinent including Nepal, Pakistan, Bangladesh andSri Lanka. Typically growing in tropical and semi-tropical regions. Neem trees now also grow in islands in the southern part of Iran. Its fruits and seeds are the source of neem oil.
Neem leaves are dried in India and placed in cupboards to prevent insects eating the clothes and also while storing rice in tins. Neem leaves are dried and burnt in the tropical regions to keep away mosquitoes. These leaves are also used in many Indian festivals like Ugadi. As Ayurveda herb, Neem is also used in baths.
As a vegetable
The tender shoots and flowers of the neem tree are eaten as a vegetable in India. A souplike dish called Veppampoo charu (Tamil) (translated as "neem flower rasam") made of the flower of neem is prepared in Tamil Nadu. In West Bengal, young neem leaves are fried in oil with tiny pieces of eggplant .The dish is called nim begun and is the first item during a Bengali meal that acts as an appetizer. It is eaten with rice.
Traditional medicinal use
Products made from neem trees have been used in India for over two millennia for their medicinal properties. Neem products are believed by Ayurvedic practitioners to be anthelmintic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, contraceptive and sedative. It is considered a major component in Ayurvedic and Unani medicine and is particularly prescribed for skin diseases. Neem oil is also used for healthy hair, to improve liver function, detoxify the blood, and balance blood sugar levels. Neem leaves have also been used to treat skin diseases like eczema, psoriasis, etc.
However, insufficient research has been done to assess the purported benefits of neem, In adults, short-term use of neem is safe, while long-term use may harm the kidneys or liver; in small children, neem oil is toxic and can lead to death. Neem may also cause miscarriages, infertility, and low blood sugar.
Neem oil can cause some forms of toxic encephalopathy and ophthalmopathy if consumed in large quantities.
Pest and disease control
Neem is a key ingredient in non-pesticidal management (NPM), providing a natural alternative to synthetic pesticides. Neem seeds are ground into a powder that is soaked overnight in water and sprayed onto the crop. To be effective, it is necessary to apply repeatedly, at least every ten days. Neem does not directly kill insects on the crop. It acts as an anti-feedant, repellent, and egg-laying deterrent, protecting the crop from damage. The insects starve and die within a few days. Neem also suppresses the hatching of pest insects from their eggs. Neem cake is often sold as a fertilizer.
Neem oil has been shown to avert termite attack as ecofriendly and economical agent.
Toiletries: soap, shampoo, balms and creams as well as toothpaste. Toothbrush: Traditionally, slender neem twigs (called datun;) are first chewed as a toothbrush and then split as a tongue cleaner, Tree: Besides its use in traditional Indian medicine, the neem tree is of great importance for its anti-desertification properties and possibly as a good carbon dioxide sink, Neem gum is used as a bulking agent and for the preparation of special purpose foods., Neem blossoms are used in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka to prepare Ugadi pachhadi. A mixture of neem flowers and jaggery (or unrefined brown sugar) is prepared and offered to friends and relatives, symbolic of sweet and bitter events in the upcoming new year, Cosmetics : Neem is perceived in India as a beauty aid. Powdered leaves are a major component of at least one widely used facial cream. Purified neem oil is also used in nail polish and other cosmetics. Bird repellent: Neem leaf boiled in water can be used as a very cost effective bird repellent, especially for sparrows.Lubricant : Neem oil is non drying and it resists degradation better than most vegetable oils.
Fertilizer : Neem has demonstrated considerable potential as a fertilizer. Resin : An exudate can be tapped from the trunk by wounding the bark. This high protein material is not a substitute for polysaccharide gum, such as gum arabic. It may however, have a potential as a food additive, and it is widely used in South Asia as "Neem glue".Bark : yields a strong, coarse fibre commonly woven into ropes in the villages of India.Honey : In parts of Asia neem honey commands premium prices