Aside from the textural contrast, crushed chili pepper differs from powdered chili pepper in that the former includes dried seeds.
Also commonly called crushed red pepper, just a dash ad ds a lot of spice and heat to sausage, pizza, pasta sauce and other foods. And here’s an interesting tip: leftovers or dishes made a day in advance will have fierier flavor because more oleoresin capsicum, the active compound in peppers, will be released into the food.
What else you should know
These plants have been grown for food for centuries, which has resulted in numerous cultivars. In fact, there are five domesticated species of chili pepper currently in cultivation. This one is Capsicum annuum, which also includes bell peppers and jalapeños.
The common name of “chili” is derived from the language of the Nahuatl, formerly known as the Aztecs. The fruits were so central to the Aztec way of life that ritual fasting was defined as going without salt and chili peppers.
Crushed red pepper or red pepper flakes is a condiment consisting of dried and crushed (as opposed to ground) red chili pepper.
The condiment is made from hot dried red peppers and is not made of one type of chili, but from various combinations of ancho, bell, cayenne and other dried red peppers.
Crushed red pepper shakers have become as standard as salt and pepper on tables at Italian style restaurants and especially pizza parlors in the United States. Often there is a high ratio of seeds, which some people believe intensifies the heat of this flavorful condiment, whereas the heat actually comes from the vein of the pepper (pith) (off of which the seeds grow). Crushed red pepper is used in pickling, chowders, spaghetti sauce, pizza sauce, soups and sausage.
As chilis have become more popular, the varieties of peppers used to make crushed red pepper have also changed.
Adds, color, flavour and interest to food
Fruit and Seeds
Capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin. Vitamins A, B, C; beta carotene, iron, phosphorus, calcium, thiamine, riboflavin, and niacin.
40M HU. In the Scoville Heat Unit Scale M means thousands, and the HU is short for Heat Units, which measure the amount of capsaicin the pepper contains.