Basil is a source of antioxidant and antibacterial compounds.
1,8 cineol, linalool, eugenol
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Basil-infused oils and vinegars are used in skin and hair products and in topical salves, ointments and creams.
Clove is a spice made from the dried flower of a type of myrtle tree that is native to the Maluku Islands, also known as Spice Islands of Indonesia. The tree is also cultivated to harvest the spice elsewhere, including Brazil, Sri Lanka, India and Madagascar. Like cinnamon and similar aromatic spices, clove played a significant role in the economic development of the East Asia.
For centuries, clove has been used for the preservation of food. In fact, at one time, it was more common to use the spice to keep meat from spoiling than it was to use it as a flavoring. The active constituent responsible for the warm flavor and aromatic characteristics of clove is eugenol, an antioxidant with antiseptic, anti-fungal and anti-inflammatory qualities that has been used for various purposes in the pharmaceutical industry, most notably dentistry. As a rich source of this compound, clove is also an ingredient in soaps, ointments and other cosmetics.
Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium
aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands in Indonesia, and are commonly
used as a spice. Cloves are commercially harvested primarily in Indonesia, India,
Madagascar, Zanzibar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka—and the largest producer, Pemba
Island, just off the coast of Tanzania.
The clove tree is an evergreen that grows up to 8–12 m tall, with large leaves and sanguine flowers grouped in terminal clusters. The flower buds initially have a pale hue, gradually turn green, then transition to a bright red when ready for harvest. Cloves are harvested at 1.5–2.0 cm long, and consist of a long calyx that terminates in four spreading sepals, and four unopened petals that form a small central ball.
Traditional medicinal uses
Cloves are used in Indian Ayurvedic medicine, Chinese medicine, and western herbalism and dentistry where the essential oil is
used as an anodyne (painkiller) for dental emergencies. Cloves are used as a carminative, to increase hydrochloric acid in the stomach and to improve peristalsis. Cloves are also said to be a natural anthelmintic. The essential oil is used in aromatherapy when stimulation and warming are needed, especially for digestive problems. Topical application over the stomach or abdomen are said to warm the digestive tract. Applied to a cavity in a decayed tooth, it also relieves toothache.
In Chinese medicine, cloves or ding xiang are considered acrid, warm, and aromatic, entering the kidney, spleen and stomach meridians, and are notable in their ability to warm the middle, direct stomach qi downward, to treat hiccough and to fortify the kidney yang. Because the herb is so warming, it is contraindicated in any persons with fire symptoms and according to classical sources should not be used for anything except cold from yang deficiency. As such, it is used in formulas for impotence or clear vaginal discharge from yang deficiency, for morning sickness together with ginseng and patchouli, or for vomiting and diarrhea due to spleen and stomach coldness.
Cloves may be used internally as a tea and topically as an oil for hypotonic muscles, including for multiple sclerosis. This is also found in Tibetan medicine. Some recommend avoiding more than occasional use of cloves internally in the presence of pitta inflammation such as is found in acute flares of autoimmune diseases.
Modern medicinal uses and pharmaceutical preparations
Clove oil seems safe when applied to the skin.
Studies to determine its effectiveness for fever reduction, as a mosquito repellent, and to prevent premature ejaculation have been inconclusive. Clove may reduce blood sugar levels.
Tellimagrandin II is an ellagitannin found in S. aromaticum with antiherpesvirus properties.
The buds have antioxidant properties. Other findings concluded that cloves can also boost insulin function in the bodyIn addition, clove oil is used in preparation of some toothpastes, laxative pills, and Clovacaine solution, which is a local anesthetic used in oral ulceration and inflammation. Eugenol (or clove oil generally) is mixed with zinc oxide to form a temporary tooth cavity filling. Studies have also found that cloves and clove oil has been effective in treating dental pains,
Widely used in Italian, Greek, Indian, Mexican,Thai and Vietnamese cuisines. Basil is also added to teas.
Used in incense blends and perfumery.
Dried cut and sifted, powdered, essential oil