Alkaloids, volatile oil, flavonoids, vitamin B1, betaine and choline, sesquiterpene lactones.
Whole fresh or dried or powdered
Chrysanthemum, also known as florist's daisy and hardy garden mum, is a popular fall-blooming garden ornamental in eastern North America, although the plant is actually native to Asia.
In China, where the plant is called Ju Hua, chrysanthemum has been cultivated for thousands of years for making teas. Chrysanthemum, together with bamboo, the plum blossom and the orchid, collectively comprise The Four Gentlemen or The Four Noble Ones. Singularly, chrysanthemum represents the brave warrior, the introspective hermit, longevity and good fortune in the Language of Flowers. The plant is so highly revered in China that it has been celebrated with an annual festival since the Song Dynasty, which spanned from 960 until 1279 AD.Background: Description: Chrysanthemum is a perennial herb growing up to 5 feet with yellow flowers. Cultivated in spring or
early summer by gathering the flower heads and drying them in the sun.
Safety: Not recommended for those with existing conditions of diarrhea or
Chrysanthemums, sometimes called mums or chrysanths, are flowering
plants of the genus Chrysanthemum in the family Asteraceae. They are
native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Most species originate from East
Asia and the center of diversity is in China. There are about 40 valid species. There are countless horticultural varieties and cultivars.
Yellow or white chrysanthemum flowers of the species C. morifolium are boiled to make a sweet drink in some parts of Asia. The
resulting beverage is known simply as chrysanthemum tea (菊花茶, pinyin: júhuā chá, in Chinese). In Korea, a rice wine flavored with chrysanthemum flowers is called gukhwaju (국화주).Chrysanthemum leaves are steamed or boiled and used as greens, especially in Chinese cuisine. The flowers may be added to thick snakemeat soup (蛇羹) to enhance the aroma. Small chrysanthemums are used in Japan as a sashimi garnish.
Pyrethrum (Chrysanthemum [or Tanacetum] cinerariaefolium) is economically important as a natural source of insecticide. The flowers are pulverized, and the active components, called pyrethrins, which occur in the achenes, are extracted and sold in the form of an oleoresin. This is applied as a suspension in water or oil, or as a powder. Pyrethrins attack the nervous systems of all insects, and inhibit female mosquitoes from biting. In sublethal doses they have an insect repellent effect. They are harmful to fish, but are far less toxic to mammals and birds than many synthetic insecticides. They are not persistent, being biodegradable, and also decompose easily on exposure to light. Pyrethroids such aspermethrin are synthetic insecticides based on natural pyrethrum.
Chrysanthemums were first cultivated in China as a flowering herb as far back as the 15th century BC. Over 500 cultivars had been recorded by the year 1630. The plant is renowned as one of the Four Gentlemen in Chinese and East Asian art. The plant is particularly significant during the Double Ninth Festival. The flower may have been brought to Japan in the eighth century AD, and the Emperor adopted the flower as his official seal. The "Festival of Happiness" in Japan celebrates the flower.
Chrysanthemums entered American horticulture in 1798 when Colonel John Stevens imported a cultivated variety known as 'Dark Purple' from England. The introduction was part of an effort to grow attractions within Elysian Fields in Hoboken, New Jersey.