Whole fresh or dried or powdered
Capsicin, carotenoids, flavonoids, volatile oils, steroidal saponins
Pronounced "chi-POHT-lay" Chipotle peppers are indigenous to Mexico and they've become almost synonymous in this country with our fairly recent infatuation with “chiles”. Chile peppers are most often recognized for their spicy hotness, but when used in correct amounts, they can also be a bit mild while adding layers of subtle flavor to dishes.
Chipotle chiles are actually completely ripened jalapenos that are then smoke dried. For each pound of dried Chipotles it started out as 10 pounds of fresh jalapeno peppers. The end result is a dark brown to black colored, wrinkled pepper that has a smoky, somewhat sweet chocolaty aroma and flavor. And these whole Chipotle chile peppers are considered a medium heat chile and come it at 5,000 - 10,000 SHU (Scoville Heat Units). For a more subtle heat you can remove the seeds and stems prior to
Originally Chipotle chiles were most commonly used to flavor salsas,
stews and soups but now this popular flavor has found its way into
everything from fried chicken to chips. Your recipe may call for the
chipotle chiles to be lightly toasted (or roasted) and this really brings out
the flavor in them. We have also had some recipes calling for them to be
lightly fried in oil or even burnt black. You can rehydrate them by soaking
in hot water for about 20 minutes. Chipotle chiles are excellent with beef, chicken and pork chops and one of our favorite recipes is Sweet Potato Shepherds Pie.
There are approximately 9 chiles per ounce.Chipotles date back to region that is now northern Mexico City, prior to the Aztec civilization. It is conjectured that the Aztecs smoked the chilies because the thick, fleshy, jalapeno was difficult to dry and prone to rot. The Aztecs used the same "smoke drying" process for the chilies as they used for drying meats. This smoking allowed the chilies to be stored for a substantial period of time.
Today Chipotles are used widely throughout Mexico as well as in the United States. Quite popular in the South Western U.S. and California; Chipotles have found their way into the cuisine of many celebrity chefs from Hawaii to Manhattan.